Monotheistic religions predating judaism

While Jews in present-day Israel, under Greek rule, were initially allowed to keep their traditions, in the second century B. E, Emperor Antiochus and his son, Antiochus IV, sought to absorb Jews into Greek culture.

Violence broke out in Greek-controlled Jerusalem when Antiochus IV outlawed several key Jewish practices and built an altar for sacrifice to the Greek god Zeus in the Jewish temple.

Not all Jews under Greek rule lived on the outskirts of the empire; by the time the Saul of Tarsus (Christian Saint Paul) visited Greece in the first century, there were thriving Jewish communities in several Greek cities, including Thessaloniki, Veroia, Athens, and Corinth.

Those early Jewish communities formed a unique culture called Romaniotes.

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But one may extend the term to include conceptions of deity in certain other traditions such as Zoroastrianism, Sikhism, and some forms of Hinduism and Buddhism, even though these traditions include somewhat different conceptions, such as the existence of evil forces alongside God, the nonpersonal nature of God, God's complete immanence in the world, or the fundamental unreality of the world.Throughout the Byzantine period in Greece, Romaniote Jews sought to balance their Greek identities with Jewish practices.In the struggle for integration and acceptance, Jews often faced discrimination based on their religious beliefs.Key West, Florida Some of the nation’s leading journalists gathered in Key West, Florida, in May 2006 for the Pew Forum’s biannual Faith Angle conference on religion, politics and public life.Conference speaker Michael Cook, widely considered among the most outstanding scholars on the history of Islam, is the author of several classic works on Muhammad and early Islamic theology, including , Vice President, Ethics & Public Policy Center; Senior Adviser, Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life In Mr.